Nile dam crisis
The EU has pushed Egypt, Sudan, and Ethiopia to achieve an agreement on the Grand Renaissance Dam dispute before Addis Ababa starts the second phase of reservoir filling this summer. Pekka Haavisto, the EU's special envoy for Ethiopia and Sudan, stated that the EU believes that, in collaboration with the African Union, it can assist the three nations in finding a solution to the problem according to reports.
Even if only for a transitory moment, Haavisto highlighted the significance of such an agreement. Ethiopia, he said, should share information on the technical and practical elements of running the Nile dam. The envoy, who is also Finland's foreign minister, stated that the EU can play a beneficial role in reaching an agreement by assisting on the political and technical levels.
Sudan is concerned that the flow of water would destroy infrastructure due to a lack of technical information, and needs assurances that the reservoir will be filled safely. The dam, according to Sudanese Foreign Minister Mariam Al-Sadiq Al-Mahdi, has become a weapon and a threat to the country. She characterized the initial filling stage as a "knife-in-the-back" and a "knife-in-the-back."
,Ethiopia's unilateral filling of the reservoir is a direct threat to Sudan , according to Sudanese Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok.
Egypt's Minister of Irrigation, Mohamed Abdel-Aty, said his country and Sudan would not accept Ethiopia's unilateral dam filling and operation. He also expressed his conviction that the current African Union-led negotiations will not result in considerable progress.
"Last year's unilateral filling caused tremendous damage to Sudan, including drought and flooding, as well as an increase in turbidity in drinking stations," he stated.
In 2011, Ethiopia started construction on the Renaissance Dam on the Blue Nile with the goal of generating power. Egypt is concerned that the project will have an impact on its share of Nile water, while Sudan is concerned that it will have an impact on its own dams on the river.