liver is the second largest organ in human body. It helps process nutrients from food and drinks and filters harmful substances from your blood.
Fatty liver disease is known as hepatic steatosis. It happens when fat builds up in the liver. Having too much fat in your liver can cause liver inflammation, which can damage your liver and create scarring. In severe cases, this scarring can lead to liver failure. So if left untreated, it can cause the body to undergo uncomfortable changes, such as shrinking the testicles.
There are two main types of fatty liver disease - alcoholic (AFLD) and non-alcoholic (NAFLD). AFLD develops in someone who drinks a lot of alcohol, while NAFLD develops in someone who doesn’t drink a lot of alcohol.
At first, you may not have noticeable symptoms, but as the condition progresses, you may become tired or experience pain in the upper right side of your abdomen.
The worsening damage can cause hormonal changes, such as shrinking of the testicles,
The health site stated, that the testicles may shrink in men, breast tissue may be affected, and women may have irregular menstrual periods.
Other serious signs include:
Itchy skin, Yellowing of your skin or the whites of your eyes (jaundice), Redness on the palms of your hands, Hair loss, Swelling in the abdomen and legs, which leads to unintended weight gain, Easy bruising and bleeding, Feeling disoriented and having trouble concentrating and remembering things.
Fatty liver disease is often diagnosed if a blood test called a liver function test results in an abnormal result while ruling out other liver conditions, such as hepatitis.
However, blood tests do not always detect fatty liver disease. As the NHS explains, the condition can also be monitored during an ultrasound of your abdomen.
Experts don't know exactly why some people have fat accumulating in the liver. However, fatty liver disease is linked to poor lifestyle factors.
To treat the condition, you should stop drinking alcohol if you have alcoholic fatty liver disease.